Monthly Archives: September 2013


ASSIGNMENT FOR Tuesday, 10/01: Paper Model, Photographic Sequence, Operational Catalog

Explore and find combinations of operations (fold, twist, slice, etc) within your models that produce physical moments which may exist in your garden. Once you have found a single and/or multiple physical moments that are unique to your model, define what type of physical spatial conditions (compressed, hinge, loop, etc) those moments create. Examine your garden and find spaces that WORK in the same way as the spatial conditions you have identified in your model. Do NOT look for spaces in your garden that merely look like pieces of your model.

ARCH 251 – Paper Modelling 03.1

ARCH 251 - Paper Modelling 03




Material transformations and paper engineering from Prof. Yoshinobu Miyamoto, architect, and teacher of architecture at the Aichi Institute of Technology (AIT) in Japan.



Interview excerpt from Desktop Magazine, May 16th, 2011

Hello Yoshinobu. You’re an architect, an architecture lecturer and a paper engineer, when do you find time to craft your paper works?
I do sketches for paper projects anytime anywhere, often on the Shinkansen (the high speed railway in Japan). I often make actual paper models during school breaks.

Paper projects are not just artworks. It’s a study to attempt  to bring the exploration of material to actual design work.

When did you first learn the art of paper craft?
The arts and crafts teacher in my elementary school in Kobe was a humble and confident modern artist. I learned from the way he worked.

I learned almost everything on paper craft from a single book in the school library, Kami to atarashii zairyou. I traced photos and diagrams every other day. I never thought of getting the actual expensive book because it’s the kind of book made for the school library, not for individuals (especially when considering the living standards of the Japanese middle class of 60s). My parents finally bought me one as a birthday gift.

Is there a crossover between your job as an architect and the paper models that you construct?
The architectural projects I did were too big to do something really experimental with. I create paper models as an experiment for full-scale architecture in the future, even after my lifetime.

Your models are so beautiful. Where do you draw inspiration from for each project?
Nature is always the best source of inspiration. I also often consult with scientific literature on Geometry and Physics that I hardly understand (but I still get inspiration from at least). Natural forms are resourceful, especially when we try to see something behind them, such as force and structure.






Now that you have examined your Garden via the String Models, Taxonomic Catalog, Taxonomic Drafted Sketches & Diagram, it is time to continue to develop the narrative you have explored in these studies. Our method of exploration will consist of investigating and constructing a narrative via paper models. The work, as well as the readings you have completed until now, will serve as a base for your continued work.

Click ARCH 251 – Paper Modelling for the project handout.       

Click CORTAZAR-InstructionsOnHowToClimbAStaircase for the reading.

Click on the following links to view Between the Folds and images of paper folding in the Yokohama Port Terminal.

You may only use one (1) sheet of paper per model. Models should be designed and constructed through various operations: CUTTING, FOLDING, UNFOLDING, PEELING, RIPPING, PLEATING, PRESSING, CREASING, SCORING, etc. NO glue, staples, string, or other materials may be added to your single sheet of paper. How can these operations begin to represent the relationships between program, space, and narrative? 


Now that you have examined your Garden via the Taxonomic Catalog, Taxonomic Drafted Sketches & Diagram, it is time to explore the Garden via modelling. Our method of exploration will consist of constructing movement & event string models. The work, as well as the readings you have completed until now, will serve as a base for your continued work with your garden.

Click ARCH 251 – String Model 02 for project handout

Click on LINK for String model logic and examples


                                                               One     (1)  updated Taxonomic Catalog

                                                               One     (1)  Taxonomic Drafted Sketch

                                                               Three  (3)  completed String Model

You may only use one type or color of string per model you construct, do NOT combine string types within a single model. Keep in mind you are NOT simply replicating three (3) different models out of various string types. Your decision to use a different type or color MUST remain intentional. You must also carefully consider the type of knots, braiding, and connections you use to construct your models. These models need to be deliberate and precise.

String models should NOT be a representation of what the garden looks like. Your model should start to articulate the complexities you have discovered in your gardens through your taxonomic catalog, drawing studies.

Based on your Taxonomic Studies, model the movements and events you have discovered in your Garden. You will be using string, yarn, twine, etc. to make these concepts physical. When modelling, keep in mind the paths, movements, stops, starts, compressions, exchanges, switches, and other systems (rather than symbols) that create conditions of flow in your garden. How can you begin to represent these systems using the string?


ASSIGNMENT FOR Thursday, 09/05: Reading, Taxonomic Diagram, Taxonomic Catalog, Taxonomic Drafted Sketch

Based on the ARCH 251 – Superficial Gardening 01_Categories & Subcategories provided in class as well as the notes & deliverables you recorded during your desk crit. with your instructor, revise your Taxonomic Catalog and Taxonomic Drafted Sketch.  Complete the Reading & Taxonomic Diagram.



Bring the Taxonomic Diagram to studio.

Materials: Microsoft Word / Computer
8.5” x 11” sheet of paper

– Update your Taxonomic Catalog based on the addition of subcategories you identify in
your garden.

Important Questions:
– How do the addition of subcategories impact the main categories?
– Do the rules you established for the main categories need to revised based on the
addition of these subcategories?

– One (1) 8.5” x 11 printed sheet of the Taxonomic Catalog to be completed by the
beginning of studio Tuesday 09.05.

Materials: One (1) – 24” x 30” sheets of vellum
Led Holder
Straight Edge

– Update your Taxonomic Drafted Sketch based on the categories you have established
– Construct this using a 24” x 30” piece of vellum.
– Use line types, line weights, and line tones (treys) corresponding to the categories used in   your Taxonomic Catalog and Taxonomic Diagram.
– This will be a single planometric line drawing that describes the garden in plan from
above; the core elements should be sectioned as a set of sectional drawings (the central
ground-line or profile of the garden should be sectioned) on longitudinal and one
– Incorporate regulating lines into your drawing as a trace of its construction. Use line
TYPES, LINE WEIGHTS and LINE TONES (greys) as conditional notation.
– Include a SIMPLE graphical scale and north arrow.
– There should be NO shading, hatching, or text on the drawing.

Important Questions:
– How can line types, line weights, and line tones (greys) begin to represent certain categories (M1, M2, E1, E2, S1, S2)?

– One (1) 24”x 30” sheet of the Taxonomic Drafted Sketches to be completed by the
beginning of studio Tuesday 09.05.